Eczema is a chronic skin condition where sufferers experience very dry, thickened, or scaly skin. In fair-skinned people, these areas may initially appear reddish and then turn brown. Among darker-skinned people, eczema can affect pigmentation, making the affected area lighter or darker.
Unlike Psoriasis, Eczema is an undefined rash on the skin and it is usually much more itchy.
Eczema often starts during infancy and continues into childhood. Some people outgrow the condition, while others continue to have it into adulthood.
Babies with Eczema suffer from an oozing, crusting condition that happens mainly on the face and scalp, but patches can appear anywhere.
What Causes Eczema?
The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but it’s thought to be caused by the body’s immune system overreacting to an irritant.
Eczema is also commonly found in families with a history of other allergies or asthma. Another theory is defects in the skin’s barrier may allow moisture out, and germs in.
Some people may have “flare-ups” of the itchy rash in response to certain substances or conditions, such as:
- Feeling too hot or too cold, high and low humidity, perspiration from exercise
- Exposure to soaps, detergents, shampoos, disinfectants, juices from fresh fruits, meats or vegetables, coarse materials, or coming into contact with animal dander
- Upper respiratory infections or colds
- Allergens: dust mites, pets, pollens, mould, dandruff
- Bacteria, viruses or certain fungi
- Dairy products, eggs, nuts and seeds, soy products, wheat
- Hormonal changes
- Stress can also make symptoms worse
Although there is no cure, with proper treatment the disease often can be controlled.