Whether you’re a child or adult with acne, the side effects of acne can be very damaging to your self-esteem.

While diet and exercise can definitely make acne worse, contrary to what many people think, they are not actually the root cause of acne.

What causes acne?

Well in general, acne is caused by genetics and hormones.

To keep your skin moist and pliable, your sebaceous glands produce sebum. As your skin renews itself, the old cells die, mix with your skin’s natural oils, and are sloughed off. Under normal circumstances, these cells are shed gradually, making room for fresh new skin.

But this sloughing process is different for everyone. You might shed cells evenly – or you might not. Uneven shedding causes dead cells to become sticky, clumping together to form a plug. This plug, called a comedo, traps oil and bacteria inside the follicle. The plugged follicle begins to swell as your skin continues its normal oil production. Your body then attacks the bacteria with a swarm of white blood cells.

Treating Acne

Acne can range from mild (e.g. whiteheads and blackheads) to severe (pustules and nodules). Acne treatments vary depending on the severity of your acne and can include using creams/gels, antibiotics and/or isotretinoin medications such as Accutane. Learn more about the Acne Treatments we offer.