While some people may be blessed with naturally flawless skin, most of us have to continually work at it. This page will help keep your skin healthy and provide information on side effects on Skin Treatment Services.
Different acne treatments will have different side effects and require different kinds of maintenance. Below are some general side effects you can expect and some tips to help you cope.
Creams and gels like Salicylic Acid, topical antibiotics and topical retinoids will all dry out your skin. Be sure to use a good moisturizer to improve dryness and redness. Some of these creams may also stain your clothing or bed sheets, may cause photosensitivity and may not be able to be used by pregnant or nursing women. Be sure to read the label and instructions on your medication carefully prior to use.
Oral isotretinoin medications such as Accutane are very hard on your body, particularly your liver. Therefore you will require a monthly blood test to continue medication.
Other side effects include dry skin, lips and sometimes resulting rashes. Be sure to use a good moisturizer for sensitive skin such as Tolariene Ultra, and a rich lip conditioner like Ceralip (both found over the counter). Your dermatologist can recommend specific products during your next visit.
Accutane can also cause birth defects and cannot be used during pregnancy.
Pills like Systemic Corticosteroids and Immunosuppressants can result in retaining water, high blood pressure, weight gain, slow wound healing, increased risk of dangerous infections and upset stomach and vomiting.
Creams and moisturizers such as Topical Corticosteroids, Barrier Repair Moisturizers and Topical Immunomodulators can have side effects such as mild burning when first applied, thinning of the skin, discolouration and decreased effectiveness when used constantly.
Phototherapy requires several trips to the dermatologist office. There is also a risk of sunburn, eye damage, skin cancer, dry skin, freckling and premature aging.
Topical treatments such as Salicylic Acid, Coal Tar, Steroids (corticosteroids) and Vitamin D creams can dry out your skin, cause burning, itching or redness or cause thinning or discolouration of the skin.
Pills such as Methotrexate can cause nausea. Some medications can also cause birth defects and cannot be used during pregnancy.
Injections such as Remicade (infliximab) and Simponi (golimumab) can cause side effects such as respiratory infections, flu-like symptoms and injection site reactions.
UV Light Therapy for Psoriasis can be time consuming as you will need to come back for many visits over time. Possible side effects can include bruising and scarring at the treatment site. You should also avoid sun exposure during treatment and be careful not to injure the area that was treated.
Liquid Nitrogen burns the area of treatment. This can result in burning and blistering. Healing time is 3-6 weeks after the procedure, keep the wound clean and dry. A scab will form over the area.
Topical creams/gels such as Picato can be used at home or in the office, as per your dermatologist’s directions. During treatment you may experience redness, peeling, swelling, flakiness, hardening or thickening of the skin or even blisters or ulcers.
Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) is a combination of cream and phototherapy. You will need to come back to the office many times for this treatment. Common side effects can include a stinging or burning sensation during the therapy. It is recommended you avoid sun exposure on the treated area for a couple of days following treatment. It is also not recommended during pregnancy, women who are breast feeding should wait 48 hours after treatment to breastfeed and it can trigger herpes simplex activation.
General Skin Care Tips
- More than anything, remember to avoid sun overexposure. Use wide-brimmed hats and high-SPF sunscreens to protect your skin from the hazards of the sun, which cause a great majority of medical and cosmetic skin problems.
- Keep in mind that your skin is an organ, and as such, it needs proper nutrition. Vitamins and anti-oxidants are essential to skin health. Also, be sure to drink plenty of water to properly hydrate your skin.
- Don’t smoke. Smoking decreases blood circulation, and introduces a variety of poisons, oxidants and chemicals that harm your skin, as well as your overall health.
- Like your other body parts, your skin reacts to your psychological and emotional well-being as much as your physical well-being, so be sure to get plenty of rest each night, and minimize stress as much as possible.
- Though it may sound obvious, always remember to keep your skin clean. This means not only washing your face with a gentle cleanser regularly, but little things you may not think about during the day. For example, your hands are one of the oiliest parts of your body – touching your face repeatedly spreads not only those oils, but the dirt that accumulates on your hands as well.
- Avoid excessive exfoliation and moisturizing. While moderate exfoliating can clear your skin of old, dead cells, over-exfoliation can acidify and irritate your skin. Likewise, rationed applications of moisturizer are good for skin, but over-moisturizing can clog pores and make your skin oily.
- When at all possible, try to keep your skin care regimen consistent. Cosmetic products, lotions and cleansers – even all-natural ones – can have dozens of ingredients, any of which could be potential allergens. Regularly and frequently changing these products out increases your chances of irritating, inflaming or shocking your skin.